Vas Megye, Hungary
Sárvár Past and Present
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The original orthodox Jewish community was organized in 1805 with 28 members. The founders were Simon and Jozsua Singer, Sámuel Schnabel, Szimcha Boskovits, and Pinkasz Léb Schwartz. The first temple was rented from the royal family. The second temple was also rented initially until it became the property of the community. The new synagogue was built in 1882 from member donations. In 1850 the community established an elementary school with five classes and somewhat later organized a Talmud Torah. The community has a Chevra Kaddisha burial society, a Nér Tomid organization, a women’s group (whose president was Mrs. Henrik Sulcbeck [or Sulebeck] ), a girl’s group directed by Mrs. Ignác Fischer and Mrs. Miklós Hajdu, and a Malbis Arumim organization that provided for the poor and whose director was Zsigmond Schnabl.
Among members of the community, Béla Schiller managed the largest estate (1000 hold). The community’s annual expenses are 32,000 Pengö some of which was earmarked for social and philanthropic activities.
The overall membership consisted of 21 communities; with a total of 568 individuals, 142 families and 142 taxpayers. Their occupation consisted of 2 wholesale merchants [nagykereskedo], 7 farmers [gazdálkodó], 78 merchants, 1 office worker, 5 self-employed [magántisztviselö], 6 manufacturers [iparos], 3 private citizens [magánzó] and 40 others.
The community leadership consisted of: Menachem Fischer chief rabbi, Zsigmond Schnabl director, Mór Schwarc assistant director, Ignác Löwinger comptroller (ellenör). Lajos Friebert accountant (pénztáros), Adolf Löwinger and Antal Berger caretakers (gondnokok), Pinkász Winkler chief cantor and Izsak Kupfer bookkeeper (jegyzö).
The greater Jewish community (kongresszusi hitközség) was organized in 1880. The founding members were Mano Schnabel [see different spelling of similar name above], Sámuel Schulbeck, Mór Guttmann, József Deutsch and Adolf Schnabel. The first rabbi was Breiner Leib Mose. They organized a Chevra Kadisha and an elementary school that had to be closed in 1923 because of the small number of students and the abolition of government support. In 1922 a synagogue was built with assistance from Baron Béla Hatványi. 26 community members participated in World War I.
The community was a member of the Jewish Congress and belonged to the VIII th region. It had 190 members, 64 families, 70 taxpaying members. Their occupation consisted of: 23 self-employed [magántisztviselö], 13 merchants, 7 manufacturers, 3 large manufacturers, 3 physicians, 3 lawyers, 1 engineer, 3 private citizen [magánzó], 1 office worker, 1 laborer, and 1 retired. 1 unemployed and 1 living from welfare.
The community’s annual expenses are 7,000 Pengö of which 1,000 Pengö was earmarked for social and philanthropic activities.
The larger manufacturers consisted of Baron Béla Hatvanyi’s sugar factory in Sárvár (it employed 1000 laborers and 30 office workers), József Krausz’s brick factory, cheese and butter factory (these employed 50 laborers and 5 office workers). The 1929 community leadership consists of: Emil Eibenschütz director, Jenö Deutsch assistant director, Jakab Winkler and Simon Grünhut caretaker of the synagogue, Jenö Weltner accountant and Jakab Mayer comptroller.
Source: Magyar Zsido Lexicon, Ujvari Peter editor, Makkabi Press, Budapest, Hungary 2000, based on the original 1929 edition, p 767; translated by Anne-Marie Pollowy Toliver
Dr Emil Eibenschutz
Alice Lok Cahana
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