Minkovt'sy, Ukraine

Minkovitz (Yiddish)

Minkowce [Pol],Myn'kivtsi [Ukr], Myn'kivci

Lat: 48° 51' N, Long: 27° 06'E

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Compiled by Barbara Ellman

Updated: Aug, 2021

Copyright © 2012
Barbara Ellman



Founded in 1637, the town became the property of the Polish feudal family, Stanislawski.  The earliest Jewish settlers apparently arrived in the early 18th century and set up trades including town brewery  and two mills. The Jewish community established the institutions required for their autonomous governance – the kahal (governing council), a rabbi, a cantor and several shoikhets (butchers). 
In 1776, on the bank of the Ushitsa river, the community built the big wooden synagogue.
In 1788, Minkovt'sy became the possession of Polish noble Ignacy Marchocki.  One of Marchocki’s first reform acts was to abolish serfdom on his estate.   
In 1792, the first Jewish printing houses were opened.  The printing continued until 1827 with the death of Marchocki. 
During this period, more than forty books were published, ranging from prayer
books, collections of psalms and slikhot, books of Tanakh and midrashes to Cabbala and Hassidic books.  Marchocki's reforms ended with his death.


In 1836, the town of Minkovt'sy became state property.

With poor economy and to escape the army, young Minkovitzers emigrated in the early 20th century.  More families left with the Russian Revolution.

The following article provides many insights into life in Minkovitz during the 18th and early 19th centuries and is reproduced here with the permission of its author, Benyamin Lukin:

    Jews- Subjects of the "Minkovtsy State"

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