Translated Report on Ulanów
From the European Office of the American Joint Distribution Committee [in Berlin] to their American Office, dated 6 Apr 1933


        The small town of Ulanów, in the Nisko district of the Lemberg Department, is on the San river, six kilometers from the railway at Rudnik.  Ulanów has a population of 4,000 Christians and 900 Jews.  Most of the Jews are traders or artisans and a few, who possess a little land, are engaged in agriculture.  Until a few years ago the lumber trade also offered work, since the San, through the Vistula, has direct connection with Danzig.  But this has now come to a complete standstill.
        In view of the crisis and general poverty, here as well as elsewhere, the need of the Jewish population is very great.
        The help received from Landsleuten in America is of great help to the Jews here in these trying times.  Thanks to the efforts and assistance of Harry Hassenfeld, born in Ulanów, who has been in America a long time, important help for individuals and general purposes is often received.  Mr. Hassenfeld was in Ulanów a few months ago and left a considerable amount of money.
        There is a social house in Ulanów which was acquired in 1920 by Mr. Hassenfeld through the “Ford” society in Cracow, an organization for interior decoration.  The society obligated itself to quip a workshop for basket weaving.
        The necessary tools were purchased, the workshop was established, and managed by Mr. Friedmann and Mr. Birnbaum.  It lasted only a few weeks and was then closed.  As far as we could learn, the chief reason for the closing of the school was the fact that the two men mentioned above left town and no others could be found who were able to take over their work.
        Basket and furniture weaving is quite extensive in certain districts along the San, since special plants, which are adapted to making bottle baskets, orange cases, etc., are found in large quantities.  These plants are called “Wiklinen” or “Weiden”.
        More complicated articles are made from raw materials obtained from other districts.  The peasants in the villages are the chief producers of the more simple things.  They work with their own raw material, which costs them next to nothing, since, as we are told, they can get the “Wiklinen” from the banks of the river as they please, which the Jews cannot do.  The prepared articles are sold to traders.  The Jewish workers are therefore not in a position to compete with the peasants.  This would, however, be possible, if the Jews were to learn, not the simple work that the peasants can do much more cheaply, but the better and more difficult manufacture.  As a matter of fact, there is a large modernly equipped government trade school at Rudnik near Ulanów.  Here, among other things, furniture and basket weaving are taught.  There are difficulties in the way of establishing a similar school in Ulanów for the teaching of the more advanced weaving, because the social leaders who could be interested are lacking and, besides, the school would not only be for the Jewish children in Ulanów, but would also have to accept children from the neighborhood, and Ulanów is not the proper place for this.  The small house that was purchased through the society named above and later given for the establishment of a trade school for men in Cracow is likewise not suitable.  This society received $ 2000 from the Joint Distribution Committee for the purpose of purchasing a site for a school, but until now nothing has been done and the society is inactive.
        The entire equipment has disappeared from the house in Ulanów and the local population has turned it into a home for poor transients.  It is therefore hard to start anything with this building, because the town will not give its permission.
        In 1930 the Central in Cracow attempted to open a workshop to train orphans, but, for the reasons mentioned above, this was not successful.


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